Putting Down Roots

It’s been a whirlwind of activity since the weather has allowed me to make major progress outdoors. On Saturday of Memorial Day weekend, I went ahead and planted my healthiest looking plants. I had already planned out where everything would go, and managed to get it all potted or in the ground right before/during a perfect Spring sprinkle/thunder storm. I made sure to get my netting in place ahead of time too, because I wanted to sow some seeds directly and I just don’t trust the birds around here.

Now I’ve got Tomatoes – Black Brandywine, Bonny Best, and New Yorker. As well as Large Red Cherry Tomatoes, Aunt Molly’s Ground Cherries, and a Purple Tomatillo. Falstaff Brussels Sprouts, Waltham 29 Broccoli, Savoy Perfection Cabbage. Florence Fennel. I put two Cajun Belle Pepper plants in the ground, and a couple more in pots, along with, Shishito, Buena Mulata, Jalapeno Chili, Ring of Fire, and Super Chili Peppers. And I’m trying one Hale’s Best Jumbo Cantaloupe in a large container too. All of these were started from seed, indoors, under grow lights. Mostly in Jiffy peat pellets. Then up-potted into various sizes of pots and mixtures of potting soil. Hardened off. And now in the ground.  I added a few scoops of Dairy Doo, about 1/4 cup sprinkle of Trifecta, plus a dousing of Neptune’s Harvest in each hole. As far as I can tell, the plants are loving their new homes.

I sowed some things directly into the ground – Paris Island Cos Romaine Lettuce, Super Red Romaine, Grand Rapids Lettuce, Roquette Arugula, and Red Giant Mustard. As well as Southport White Globe Bunching Onions (an heirloom variety from my hometown!), Detroit Dark Red Beets, Early Scarlet Globe Radishes, and Cosmic Purple Carrots.

I bought a few things from the greenhouse to fill in where my seedlings were lacking. Celery, Pole Beans, ‘Straight Eight’ Cucumbers, and and assortment of herbs including Chives, Savory, Marjoram, Dill, English Thyme, Rosemary, and Sage. I went back to grab some extra Super Chili Peppers, because not every single one of my pepper plants was looking happy in its new pot. And we need plenty of hot peppers because we dry them and use them all year long.

I also added a room! It started with an idea to tack on a smaller bed to the outside of my fenced-in raised beds. I needed a place to grow herbs. I started my own Large Leaf Italian Basil, Giant of Italy Parsley, Triple Curled Parsley, and Oregano. Luckily, in the rafters of my fiance’s boat house, I found an awesome, old, long, heavy plank of wood – I think it’s cedar, about 10 inches wide, 2 inches thick, and 12 feet long. I grabbed two cheap-o cedar planters that I bought last year for the front yard, and used them to cleat in the long plank, up against the exterior of my 12″ tall raised beds. Voila. An herb garden.

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I have been waiting to try planting bulbs too, so I decided to mix flowers in there too. I’m not really sure if they are still good or if this is the right time – I hope at least some of them will grow. Some are from last year, and others I bought a month or two ago. I put Calla Lilies and Clematis in the two end planters, and some Asiatic Lilies and Irises behind the herbs in the new bed. I also bought a couple of flowering Lily plants and put those in too, flanking my proud Tarragon plant in the center – my only plant that survived the winter.

In the front of our house, I’m working on a shady bed under our spruce tree. I want to at least try Ferns, Hostas, Astilbes, and Lilies. I thought I wanted Lily-of-the-Valley but seeing how invasive they are in the area next to our garage – it’s very magical and oh so aromatic, but I don’t think I want to introduce them to a new area since we already have so many in close proximity.

The only problem with this bed is that the ground is not really workable since it’s got a bunch of pine tree roots going like crazy under a thin surface cover of old mulch. So we got a trailer load of top soil and I started moving it to fill the bed. Unfortunately I had to evict our princess Spaniel out of her dirt hole that she likes to dig and lie down in next to our front stoop. I raked the mulch over to fill the hole and moved some large field stones on top. She stared into my eyes for a whole minute after I did that, as if she were saying “how could you do this to me?” but she did get a staff infection from lying in the dirt last year so I don’t feel too bad. We plan to get some more field stone to finish off the surrounding area.

Amidst moving all the top soil, I found a great 4′ x 8′ cedar raised bed kit on sale at the local hardware store! We got it, I filled it with a base layer of dead leaves, and 5 or 6 wheel barrows full of topsoil. I just need a couple more bags of Dairy Doo, and now I’ve got plenty of space to care for all the baby pepper plants I have growing in little pots. It could also serve as a good place to start garlic this fall. In the meantime I started more Nasturtiums Empress of India in addition to the Alaska Mixed Colors that I already have sprouted. I might like to try starting some Echinacea too.

Lastly, I’m looking into adding a hedge of Lilacs to the front of our property. We live on a dirt road, so it’s very peaceful most of the time. But we’ve not got much of a privacy barrier between the front of our house and the road, and I just really want lilacs. It seems like there is at least one bush or tree in front of every house on the main roads, so they must do well here. I saw a B&B in town that is surrounded by a thick, tall hedge of lilacs, and I am now inspired to plant several bushes to define the front edge of our yard. I’m looking at Boomerang varieties.

It’s so wonderful to go outside with my coffee every morning to look at the garden and admire the pure vitality of these little plants. It is such a joy to be at the start of a new growing season. Onward and upward!

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Soil is Ready

My soil is ready. At least I think it is. I weeded and turned over last year’s mixture of compost and topsoil in the raised beds. I put a nice layer of fresh compost on top of that. And reserved some of that mixture plus compost for 15 pots, too. I will do some tests on it this week. That should help kill some time!

I was thinking of planting next weekend – Memorial Day weekend, but my dad told me I might want to wait until after the full moon – Tuesday, May 29th. He said full moons often bring low pressure systems and cooler temps. I’ll keep an eye on the forecast, and get things in the ground as soon as I can. Tonight is going to be chilly. I’m keeping Herbs, Tomatoes, and Peppers indoors.

Outside I have: Broccoli, Cabbage, Brussels Sprouts, Spinach, Lettuce, Mustard Greens, Arugula, Kale, Swiss Chard. And Lavender that I planted along the edge of our patio last year. I tried starting Lupines in cow pots this year but they aren’t doing too well. My Nasturtiums are sprouting!

I’m going to go to the greenhouse to buy some things that I wasn’t able to successfully start from seed, like celery, and onions if she has any? Might be too late for that. Probably some pole beans. Depends what I have space for. I placed tomato cages and marked off some rows with twine to help myself plan. I have yet to revise my map of where I’m going to plant everything.

But my soil is ready! And our apple tree is blossoming and it smells amazing.

My Birthday

I’m accustomed to beautiful weather on my birthday every year. This one did not disappoint! My fiancé helped me pick up a load of compost for the raised beds. My plants got their first drink of Neptune’s Harvest hydrolyzed fish fertilizer – which they will continue to get every two weeks throughout the entire season. And all the young plants and seedlings stayed out over night. It was really mild.

 

I’ve been up-potting more little seedlings into 4″ pots. This time I used a bag of Organic Jiffy Young Plant Mix – with a bit of both Dairy Doo and Trifecta mixed in.

 

The 10-day forecast predicts lots of sun, and not a night below 40 degrees. I may plant my garden quite early – since I have a back-up method to protect against frost (a very large tarp). Just have to weed the beds, till the soil, and spread the compost!

 

The cool weather crops have been doing great outdoors every night. Chard and Kale growing nicely. New lettuce and spinach sprouting up! Cabbage, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts are all fine in the lower temps too.

 

Cool Weather & Containers

I have a bunch of seedlings getting bigger and bigger under grow lights in the basement, and we have had some beautiful 70 degree days, but of course it’s still freezing at night here in Northern Michigan. I haven’t finished prepping the raised beds, but I decided to put some cool-season crops in containers today. This way I can start hardening them off and move them to and from the patio, the breezeway, or indoors depending on the weather.

In a wheel barrow, I made big batch of potting mix consisting of:

  • 1 cubic foot Dairy-Doo (compost)
  • approx. 1/2 cubic foot Michigan peat
  • 8 qt. vermiculite
  • 8 qt. perlite

I pre-moistened each pot and added some Trifecta fertilizer to the top few inches of soil in each container. I then potted a couple of varieties of kale and four varieties of Swiss chard, and started some spinach and lettuce from seed, as well as nasturtiums. I can’t wait for summer salads – especially those sweet, peppery flowers that I never see in the grocery store.

I had a leftover pack of nasturtium seeds – and I remember they took a long time to germinate when I started them in a container last year. I found info online about scarification – which is filing down the surface of the seed (with a nail file or a grater) to increase the rate of germination. I tried it with the Swiss chard seeds already and it definitely worked. So I used up the rest of last year’s packet and am hoping for more nasturtiums than I know what to do with. I put them in a low, wide plastic pot which can eventually go in a hanging basket if all goes well. Instead of adding fertilizer, I mixed some sandier soil into the potting mix – since rich soil promotes leaves and not flowers. That will stay indoors for now.

The kale and chard seedlings are not hardened off yet and it will definitely be below 40 tonight, so I will bring them in for the night too. The lettuce, kale, chard, and mustard greens that I had started in peat pellets did not seem happy under the grow lights after I put them in pots. Not sure if it was the soil mix that I was using or transplant shock or what, but hopefully they will be happier in a cooler environment, with natural light, and more space to grow.

 

Next on my to-do list is procuring a trailer full of Dairy-Doo for the raised beds and up-potting my peppers, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts to 4″ pots.

Seed Starting

Last year I failed to sustain seedlings by indoor natural light and bought most of my plants at the local nursery, so this year I was anxious to start my own seeds indoors with grow lights. I ordered a bunch of varieties from MIgardener, Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Co., and Park Seed. I also bought some more packets at my local grocery store, and even snagged a few at Walgreens.

I happily assembled the components of Park’s Complete Grow Light and Seed Starter Kit. I selected my seeds with the greatest ranges of time recommended for sowing indoors. After watching several youtube videos about starting seeds, I got down to business on March 17. Perhaps a bit too early for Zone 4, but this was somewhat of an experiment – and I knew I had more grow lights to accommodate the seedlings if they needed more space.

Germination was surprisingly rapid with the humidity dome and the heat mat. Once lots of things were sprouting, I wanted to start more. Apparently starting seeds is addictive. I ordered some extra heating mats and a timer for my set up. I moved the seedlings to trays that I owned, and bought refill pellets for the jiffy trays. I really love the convenience of using the peat pellets. I also decided to harvest some seeds from last year’s dried super chilies and last year’s dill plant. The chilies have sprouted!

I up-potted into some containers that I saved from last year’s greenhouse purchases. For those I mixed and sifted small batches of: Michigan peat, MIgardener’s Trifecta, vermiculite, perlite, and worm castings. On the third or so batch I also added blood meal. I was wary about the blood meal because last year when I tried using it to top dress part of my garden, my dogs got into it. Again, while I left the seedlings out to get some sun, another one of my carnivorous canines stole two little pots of arugula and kale just to eat the dirt. Luckily it’s not too late to start more!

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Indoor Growing

My wonderful fiance and his extremely thoughtful family made me very happy this Christmas with gifts of indoor growing equipment. I got an Aerogarden, a seed starter kit with a fluorescent grow light, and 3 LED grow lights. I’m a lucky girl!

In the dark, depressing days of January, I got started with the Aerogarden. No, it has nothing to do with air plants. Yes, it’s a hydroponic system for growing all sorts of plants. No, it’s not exactly organic because the plant food is derived from mineral salts. And yes, it’s fun, easy, and I have been more than pleased with my constant supply of fresh herbs! Mine came with a gourmet herb seed pod kit which included dill, parsley, mint, thyme, and two types of basil. This snapshot is from about a month after starting.

The dill grew and continues to grow extremely fast. The mint and basil were also pretty quick to get big and full. The parsley and thyme are a little slower but still provide enough to use in my cooking from time to time. I can be pretty aggressive with harvesting and they all flourish. Pruning is the fun part, and I can always just dry the trimmings if I’m not going to use them immediately. It’s been over three months now and they’re still going strong.

The whole thing takes up less than a square foot. It’s got adjustable LED lights with a built-in timer, an automatic water pump, and it even lets me know when to add the liquid nutrients. Pretty fool proof – just have to feed every couple of weeks and remember to top it off with fresh water every day. I have been using distilled water because I know that our well water will calcify in the reservoir and clog up the filter (like it does on our humidifier). I’m tempted to try a different liquid nutrient that came with some cow pots I found at Costco, but I haven’t run out of the Aerogarden liquid plant food yet. I just have to find out if it’s good for hydroponics. Edit: Messina customer service informed me that Seedlingers Plant Fertelixir can be used with hdyroponics.

Our last Spring frost date is June 6 here, so the excitement of the Aerogarden definitely helped hold me over until it was time to start seeds. Meanwhile, I decided to do a complete overhaul of our basement so I would have a nice place to set up my grow lights. A few coats of paint made a huge difference. I ordered shelves from Ikea to house the lighting fixtures. Now it is my new happy place! More to come on my seed starting operation. With a growing season of only 95 days, starting indoors is crucial.